Magical Girl (魔法少女 mahō shōjo, also said or known as mahou shoujo or majokko) is a sub-genre of anime and manga. They feature a normal girl who commonly learns how to use magical powers. It is a popular genre in Japan.
Osamu Tezuka wrote a manga called Princess Knight, which was published by Kodansha. It was a Japanese manga that had four installments from 1953 to 1968. In 1967, there was a children's animated series on it. Princess Knight is regarded as a prototype for the sub-genre. Himitsu no Akko-chan was written by Fujio Akatsuka and serialized in Ribon from 1962 to 1965. It was regerded as the earliest manga for the magical girl sub-genre. In 1966, Sally the Witch, another manga in the magical girl sub-genre, recieved an anime adoption, making it the first magical girl anime.
Popular Magical Girl Series
Magical Girl in Other Countries
The magical girl genre is very popular in Europe, especially in Italy, where works like W.I.T.C.H, Winx Club, and Angel's Friends have been made and translated in different languages.